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Hover Travel and Bee Travel Variety Assortment


Hover Travel and Bee Travel Variety Assortment

Bee Kinds Diversity

From 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee types (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was trapped in the Calanques Federal Playground via one another online and you will dish trap collections. They belonged so you can six household and you will 38 genera. Megachilidae is the absolute most kinds-rich family unit members, accompanied by Apidae and you may Halictidae, having 53, 49, and 43 varieties, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 was the fresh new wealthiest genus, which have 33 varieties, whereas 7 genera were portrayed by singular species (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step one [on line simply] ). Utilizing the jackknife step 1 and you may dos spiders, the entire bee species richness try estimated are anywhere between ± 9.89 and you will ± . The new noticed richness therefore portrayed 71.3 to help you 79.6% of your own projected bee richness ( Dining table dos). The new Chao1 method projected the fresh new observed richness is 76.8% of your potential limitation richness ( Dining table 2). One particular plentiful types was Apis mellifera L. (276 individuals), accompanied by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 some body, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, https://datingranking.net/blackchristianpeoplemeet-review 1868) (113 individuals). In the end, 50 kinds (26%) were illustrated by the singular private (singletons).

Environment Attributes of Bees

Regarding the ecological traits out-of nesting needs, we identified 59 single bee varieties nesting above surface, 92 unmarried bee variety nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic variety, corresponding to 29.7, 47.9, and you can twelve.0% of the overall bee species fullness, correspondingly. I detected four personal varieties (bumble bees and you will honey bees-dos.1%). In the end, the fresh nesting needs out-of fourteen kinds will still be unknown (eight.3%- Supp Dining table step one [on the web merely] ). Regarding the flowery diet out-of bee variety, i discovered that 105 species (54.7%) foraged on the a variety of plant kinds (we.age., generalist species, polylectic) and you can 51 varieties (twenty-six.5%) foraged on one bush relatives or one/couples plant variety (we.elizabeth., expert kinds, oligolectic). With the kept 36 bee types (18.8%), the fresh new floral diet was not known (e.grams., for cleptoparasitic varieties). However, really generalist species showed a desires for starters otherwise a number of bush family members ( Supp Table 1 [on the web just] ). For the forty two singletons, fourteen bee species (28%) had been gurus, and you may 9 bee kinds (18%) was indeed cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step one [online only] ).

An enthusiastic IUCN standing was available for 178 species (leaving out the brand new types buildings and you can unknown variety). Those types of, 47 species have been classified due to the fact analysis deficient (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 species have been least concerned (LC-69.6%), half dozen kinds was in fact near endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and something varieties are considered threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk 1 [on line simply] ). About three oligolectic kinds were among seven threatened bee kinds. An excellent. ovatula and you may C. albomaculatus is actually professionals toward Fabaceae, D. argentata is a professional on Caprifoliaceae.

Out of 2009 in order to 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was basically caught when you look at the Calanques National Playground. They belonged to help you twenty-four genera ( Supp Desk dos [online just] ). The quintessential numerous genera was in fact Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 individuals), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen people), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville when you look at the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen someone), whereas 20 species (53%) have been illustrated by only one personal ( Supp Dining table 2 [on the internet simply] ). The newest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was represented from the 20 variety, plus five singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk step three [on the web merely] ). The fresh estimation off total types fullness of hover flies and bee flies try anywhere between 83 and you can 97 varieties utilizing the jackknife step one and you can 2 spiders, correspondingly. Consequently, the fresh noticed richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of the projected hover fly and you can bee travel fullness ( Dining table 2).

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